[seqfan] Re: Equal sum-product sequences
Christian G.Bower
bowerc at usa.net
Wed Apr 22 15:10:23 CEST 1998
Dave Wilson computed the number of nondecreasing sequences of n
positive integers whose sum and product are equal for n=1 to 10000.
I computed it up to 100000.
> There seem to be only a few n for which f(n) = 1, that is, for which
> (1x(n-2),2,n) is the unique sequence length n having equal sum and product
> 2n. Up to 10000, these n are 2, 3, 4, 6, 24, 114, 174, and 444. There is no
> easy way to identify these n, is there?
Up to 100000, I didn't find any others. I considered the posibility that
lim (n -> inf) f(n)=inf.
I catalogued the least and greatest values of f(n) within ranges.
Here are my results:
Range min max
2 - 1000 : 1(444) : 22(793)
1001 - 2000 : 2(1102) : 28(1261)
2001 - 3000 : 2(2820) : 35(2161)
3001 - 4000 : 3(3954) : 36(3421)
4001 - 5000 : 2(4354) : 37(4001)
5001 - 6000 : 2(5274) : 41(5441)
6001 - 7000 : 2(6324) : 42(6481)
7001 - 8000 : 3(7220) : 45(7561)
8001 - 9000 : 4(8946) : 47(8033)
9001 - 10000 : 4(9804) : 51(9361)
10001 - 20000 : 3(11874) : 61(18113)
20001 - 30000 : 2(27744) : 71(27721)
30001 - 40000 : 5(39294) : 76(39313)
40001 - 50000 : 4(47644) : 74(40321)
50001 - 60000 : 5(50196) : 77(54601)
60001 - 70000 : 5(68112) : 85(65521)
70001 - 80000 : 7(78819) : 83(71605)
80001 - 90000 : 7(89400) : 92(80581)
90001 - 100000 : 5(92382) : 95(95761)
The numbers in paretheses are the values of n at which the min or
max value of f(n) was attained. In the case of a tie, the greatest
value was chosen for the min and the least value was chosen for the
max.
The results seem to support the conjecture, but it is still VERY
speculative. Obviously the mins increase very slowly if at all.
All of the n's for which f(n) is a local max are odd.
All but one of the min is even, the sole exception being 78819.
It is easy to show that for odd n>3 f(n)>=2.
Besides (1,1,...,1,2,n) there is (1,1,...,1,3,(n+1)/2).
I also thought it might be interesting to evaluate:
the least k such that f(n)=k:
That sequence begins:
2 7 5 13 25 37 41 89 61 85...
and is not strictly increasing. All the values except the first seem
to be odd.
Christian
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