[SeqFan] Sequence A002061 vs. A034111.

Patrick De Geest Patrick.DeGeest at ping.be
Sun Oct 4 16:37:00 CEST 1998

Hi to all,

Last month I submitted the following sequence to Sloane's table :

%I A034111
%S A034111 21,31,43,57,73,91,111,133,157,183,211,241,273,307,343,381,421,463,507,
%T A034111 553,601,651,703,757,813,871,931,993,1057,1123,1191,1261,1333,1407,
%U A034111 1483,1561,1641,1723,1807,1893,1981,2071,2163,2257,2353,2451,2551,2653
%N A034111 Decimal part of square root of a(n) starts with 5 : first term of runs.
%C A034111 Is basically sequence A002061 (n^2-n+1 = central polygonal numbers) starting from the sixth term.
%O A034111 0,1
%K A034111 nonn,base
%Y A034111 Cf. A034101.
%A A034111 Patrick De Geest (Patrick.DeGeest at ping.be), September 1998.

When I checked for possible presence I came across the next sequence :

%I A002061 M2638 N1049
%S A002061 1,1,3,7,13,21,31,43,57,73,91,111,133,157,183,211,241,273,307,343,381,
%T A002061 421,463,507,553,601,651,703,757,813,871,931,993,1057,1123,1191,1261
%N A002061 Central polygonal numbers: n^2 - n + 1.
%R A002061 HO50 22. HO70 87.
%O A002061 0,3
%A A002061 njas
%K A002061 nonn,easy

I never anticipated that such different approaches can yield the same terms.
But then again, I am not a genuine mathematician. I would appreciate it very much
if someone could explain this phenomenon or give me more insight into this matter.
Thanks in advance.

Patrick De Geest
[mailto:Patrick.DeGeest at ping.be]
URL : http://www.ping.be/~ping6758/index.shtml

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